USS Arizona (BB-39)
Claim to fame: Her sinking during the attack on Pearl Harbor.
If the Yamato represented the most culturally significant naval loss to the Japanese people during WW2, the same can be said for the USS Arizona and the American people. Launched in 1915, the Arizona was a "super-dreadnought" battleship, heavier and better-armed than the initial dreadnought-class. In 1913, while she and her sister ship, the Pennsylvania, were under construction, The New York Times published an article claiming they would be "the world's biggest and most powerful, both offensively and defensively, superdreadnought ever constructed."
While an impressive vessel, the Arizona saw less than 15 minutes of active wartime. In 1940, she was transferred from California to Pearl Harbor along with the rest of the Pacific Fleet in an attempt to deter the Japanese. During the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, a lucky strike from a Japanese bomb set off a devastating explosion in the Arizona's forward magazines, killing most of her 1,512 crewmen and ultimately sinking the ship.
Some of the Arizona's guns were salvaged and installed on the battleship Nevada, which fired the Arizona's guns against Okinawa and Iwo Jima, Japan, toward the end of WW2. Today, a memorial sites lies above over her wreckage, which can be seen in the shallow waters.